Pennsylvania Birth Control
This database dives into statistics on teen birth rates and connected issues in the state of Pennsylvania. All information was retrieved from countyhealthrankings.org unless otherwise specified and is the latest available publication containing data up until 2013.
Throughout Pennsylvania, teen birth rates are relatively low (compared to the national average) and the rates do not differ a lot between the state's counties.
The county with both the highest percentage and the highest absolute number of teen births is Philadelphia. Philadelphia actually stands out in the state in almost all respects: it is the only predominantly african-american county of the state; it has the highest percentage of newborns with low birthweigth; the highest percentage of people living in poor health; the second-highest percentage of children living in poverty; and it has the highest income inequality ratio in the state.
Teen birth rates spread out evenly throughout Pennsylvania but Philadelphia stands out.
From the most northwestern county Erie down to Philadelphia, the state of Pennsylvania has a pretty even distribution of teen birth rates in its counties. Some smaller counties stand out with percentages of around 1% but the real outlier in the state is Philadelphia: both in absolute number (20,636 teen births) and in percentage (5.10% of all births) the county has the highest rate in teen births of the state.
Percentage of teen births per county
Top 20 Pennsylvania counties in Teen Birth %
Nationwide, Pennsylvania's average of 19.3 births per 1,000 teens is well below the average 24.2 births per 1,000 teens. Southern states on average have the highest rates of teen births, with Oklahoma and Arkansas topping the list with 38.5 and 39.5 teen births per 1,000 teen women respectively. Pennsylvania does stand out however, with the highest teen birth rate of all northeastern states.
Teen Birth Rate per 1,000 women aged 15-19 by US State
Teen birth percentages in Pennsylvania seem evenly spread throughout the state, both in rural and urban communities
Showing the teen birth percentage for each county. The color of the bubbles indicate if the population of the county is predominantly urban (50% or higher) or predominantly rural (50% or higher). Source: County Health Rankings & Roadmaps.
Rural communities don't tend to have teen birth rates much different from urban ones.
No correlations between teen birth rates and race, although Philadelphia stands out as the only county in the state predominantly non-white
Clear correlation between Teen Birth % and Poverty
Counties with high teen birth rates tend to also have a high percentage of children living in poverty. An outlier in this respect in Pennsylvania is Forest county: while this county has a relatively low teen birth percentage, its percentage of children living in poverty is the highest of the state.
Teen Birth % and % Children in Poverty
Top 10 Pennsylvania counties in percentage of children in poverty
Correlation between Teen Birth % and Income Inequality
Comparing teen births and median household incomes shows a negative correlation between the two: the trend in the scatterplot below shows the higher the median household income in a county is, the lower the teen birth rates tend to be. The county with the lowest teen birth rate of the state is however an outlier. The data shows no correlation between income inequality and teen births. Although Philadelphia county has both the highest teen birth rate and the highest inequality ratio of the state, the county with the lowest teen birth rate has the second-highest inequality ratio of the state.
Education and teen birth rates seem very much correlated. Counties with a high percentage of highschool graduations tend to have lower teen birth rates. A bit less strong, but still significant, is the correlation between teen births and the percentage of people with some college education. Here again Forest county stands out with both a comparatively low teen birth rate and a low percentage of college-goers.